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Common Signs and Symptoms of Venous Disease

Our blood vessels are crucial for delivering oxygen and nutrients to every cell in the body. Unfortunately, millions of Americans suffer from poor cardiovascular health. Although much attention is given to coronary artery disease (e.g., heart disease), conditions affecting the veins receive less attention. Venous disease can have serious consequences for overall health. Fortunately, your Detroit vein doctors along can identify venous disease in its earliest stages and recommend effective treatments.

What Is Venous Disease?

There are three types of blood vessels in the human body: arteries, veins, and capillaries. Arteries are responsible for taking oxygenated blood from the heart and delivering it to the rest of the body. Veins, on the other hand, take deoxygenated blood back to the heart.

Venous disease, sometimes called chronic venous insufficiency, is a condition in which the veins no longer function properly. Venous insufficiency occurs when the veins are not able to efficiently bring blood from the extremities back to the heart. This leads to blood pooling in the legs, feet, or hands rather than promptly being pushed back toward the chest.

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Venous disease has numerous causes. In some cases, blood clots form in the veins, restricting the flow of blood. This condition, known as deep vein thrombosis, can be very dangerous and requires prompt medical attention from your Michigan vein clinic. Another common cause of venous insufficiency is varicose veins. Varicose veins develop when the walls of veins become weakened, causing them to bulge outward. These veins often look dark purple or blue, bulging against the skin. Finding effective varicose vein treatment will prevent these veins from causing further problems with blood flow.

Symptoms of Venous Disease

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Chronic venous insufficiency is often a sign of poor vascular health. It is important to be alert to signs of venous disease. Take note of the following changes, which can be signs of venous disease:

  • Edema, or swelling of the ankles and legs
  • Leg pain that gets worse when you are standing but feels better when you raise your legs
  • Frequent leg cramps
  • Aching or throbbing legs
  • A feeling of heaviness in the legs
  • Itchy legs
  • Weakness in your legs
  • Changes in skin color, particularly in the ankle region
  • Thicker skin developing on the legs or ankles
  • Leg ulcers
  • Tightness or pain in your calves
  • Varicose veins.
What Causes of Venous Disease?

Venous insufficiency is particularly common for people with a history of blood clots, varicose veins, pregnancy, smoking, cancer, obesity, muscle weakness, sedentary lifestyle, leg trauma, or a family history of vein disease. Ultimately, Vein disease is progressive and worsenes overtime if left untreated so it is best to seek medical attention from a board-certified vein specialist.

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How is Vein Disease Treated? 

At Metro Vein Centers our vein doctors work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan for vein disease. We use cutting-edge diagnostic and treatment techniques for vein disease at our specialized vein clinics that involve laser treatments (known as endovenous laser ablation, or EVLA), microfoam treatments such as ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy or Varithena, and radiofrequency treatments (known as radiofrequency ablation, or RFA). 

  1. Laser Treatment (Endovenous Laser Ablation): Laser treatment, also known as Endovenous laser ablation, is one of the treatment options we provide for both varicose and spider veins. It is an invasive technique guided by ultrasound used to treat varicose veins with laser energy.
  2. Radiofrequency Treatment (Radiofrequency Ablation): Radiofrequency ablation is another medical procedure to consider for treating varicose or spider veins. This treatment technique is also known as fulguration. It uses the heat generated from alternating current of medium frequency to ablate a tumor, part of the heart's electrical conduction system, or other dysfunctional tissue.
  3. Ultrasound Guided Sclerotherapy Injections: Ultrasound Guided Sclerotherapy is a medical procedure used for young adults and children who suffer from lymphatic or vascular malformations. The treatment involves injecting medicine into the vessels to help shrink them and works for blood vessel and the lymphatic system malformations.
  4. Varithena (Microfoam Injections): Varithena is an injectable foam agent that helps reduce enlarged vein dilations by increasing blood clot formations and scar tissue within specific types of veins. It is also used as a treatment for small uncomplicated varicose and spider veins in the legs. Yet, it will not work for varicose veins larger than 3 millimeters in diameter.
  5. Microphlebectomy: Also known as ambulatory phlebectomy, Microphlebectomy is the removal of varicose veins in the leg without surgery through small nicks in the skin. Microphlebectomy is particularly effective treatment for varicose veins that are just under the surface skin. Microphlebectomy is often done to complement laser and radiofrequency treatments which are more often used to treat deep veins. 

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