When veins become diseased or abnormal, they can cause a condition called Chronic Venous Disease, which refers to the group of long-term complications that result. Chronic Venous Disease may include swelling of the legs, lower leg pain, knee pain, spider veins, varicose veins, ulcers on the lower extremities, phlebitis, skin changes, venous insufficiency, and malformations in the veins.
What are Varicose Veins?
In many cases, treatment of varicose veins can have a positive impact on all of the other chronic problems associated with Chronic Venous Disease. Varicose veins are disformed, damaged veins that typically occur in the legs. They may be twisted, thickened, dark, or bulging, and the way they look is the least of the problems they cause. Because they are unable to appropriate control blood flow, they cause a number of other problems and side effects when left untreated.
The symptoms of varicose veins include heaviness or fatigue in the legs, aches and pains, swelling, numbness, skin changes, and itching.
Why is Treatment Necessary?
Treating varicose veins is vital in order to prevent complications from Chronic Venous Disease, some of which can be life-threatening. Varicose veins should be evaluated by a professional as early as possible to prevent the development of skin ulcers that do not heal or more serious complications like deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism.
Treatment of Chronic Venous Disease
Chronic Venous Disease can be treated by remedying the underlying vein problems and malformations. There are multiple treatments available for varicose veins, including:
- Laser surgery, in which heat is used to destroy the vein
- Sclerotherapy or microsclerotherapy, in which the veins are destroyed through the use of injectable medication
- Ambulatory phlebectomy, in which varicose veins are removed through small incisions in the skin
- EVT or endovenous thermal ablation, in which the veins are heated and collapsed using a catheter
- Surgical vein stripping, which is often used for larger veins and requires surgical incisions
If you believe you may have a varicose vein, schedule a no-obligation consultation with a qualified vein specialist as soon as possible to prevent serious complications.