Sclerotherapy is a safe and effective treatment for spider veins and small varicose veins. The procedure involves the injection of a chemical irritant, known as a sclerosant, with a small needle. This vein treatment is safe and effective, causes minimal discomfort and provides positive cosmetic results. Spider veins and small varicose veins simply fade away, leaving behind smooth and attractive skin.

Spider veins are incompetent blood vessels, which mean the veins do a poor job of carrying blood from the far reaches of your body back to your heart. Blood does not move well through spider veins and varicose veins, so it tends to pool inside the blood vessel. The pressure of blood pooling inside the veins enlarges the blood vessel, which makes superficial veins become visible.

Sclerotherapy works by irritating and scarring the inside wall of the diseased blood vessel. This irritation and scarring causes the interior of the blood vessel to swell up and seal shut. Your circulatory system reroutes blood flow to nearby veins. The treated vein eventually breaks apart; surrounding tissue absorbs the disintegrated blood vessel. The spider vein or small varicose vein fades as your body absorbs the tissue.

Detroit Vein Doctors Describe the Sclerotherapy Procedure

For the 24 hours before sclerotherapy, avoid shaving or applying lotion to the intended treatment area. Wear loose, comfortable clothing. If your doctor is treating spider veins on your legs and the weather is warm enough, consider wearing shorts that expose the treatment area.

Detroit vein doctors often use state-of-the-art imaging technology to guide injection of the sclerosant to precise locations within diseased veins. Duplex ultrasound-guided sclerotherapy also allows our doctors to monitor the sclerosant action inside the vein.

This vein treatment takes only about ten minutes. You will be able to get up and walk around immediately after treatment. In fact, our vein doctors encourage moderate physical activity in the hours and days after treatment to stimulate blood flow. You should avoid strenuous activity, however, as this may put too much pressure on treated veins.

After the procedure, your doctor may wrap compressive tape or stockings around the treatment area or put an elastic wrap on the treatment area. The tight wraps squeeze blood up and out of veins. You may need to wear compressive tape or compression stockings for several days or weeks following the procedure.

As with all procedures, there are some risks associated with this treatment. You may experience bruising, raised red areas or small skin sores. Side effects are usually mild and go away on their own, although more serious side effects may occur.

The treated area may appear bruised immediately after the procedure. The bruising should fade over the course of a few weeks. Hyper-pigmentation may occur for some patients; these light brown spots should fade within months of treatment.

Depending on the size, severity and location of your spider veins and small varicose veins, you may need multiple sessions to achieve desired results.

If you have spider veins or small varicose veins, contact your local Michigan vein clinic to learn if sclerotherapy is the right spider or varicose vein treatment for you.