Vein disease is a common condition affecting the blood vessels that carry blood from the far reaches of the body back to the heart. One in three adults in the United States over the age of 45 has some form of vein disease, according to the American Venous Forum, which means millions of Americans suffers from varicose veins, spider veins and other vein conditions that can affect their health and quality of life. Fortunately, your Houston vein doctor performs a number of vein disease treatments that alleviate the signs and symptoms of vein disease.

Types of Vein Disease

There are several types of vein disease. Many cause minor symptoms at first but some can develop into serious conditions later. A vein doctor, also known as a venous surgeon, can detect, diagnose and treat the most common types of vein disease, including those associated with blood clots, chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins.

Chronic venous disease

Chronic venous disease (CVD) is a group of long-lasting conditions associated with abnormal or diseased veins. These conditions can include varicose veins, spider veins, leg pain, leg swelling, changes to leg skin or the development of sores, and vascular malformations.

Chronic venous insufficiency is a common type of CVD that occurs when the walls of a vein or one of the valves in a vein malfunctions. Chronic venous insufficiency makes it difficult for blood to return to the heart and allows blood to pool in lower leg veins. This pooling blood, known as stasis, can cause veins to expand, bloat and twist. Affected veins lying close to the surface of the skin appear as varicose veins. Poorly functioning veins can also cause smaller spider veins to develop on the skin of your lower legs, face, or other parts of the body.

Deep vein thrombosis

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot develops in a large vein. Doctors treat DVT with the use of anticoagulants, also known as blood thinners.

Pulmonary embolism

A pulmonary embolism occurs when a blood clot breaks free and travels through the bloodstream to the lung. Doctors use special medicines, known as thrombolytics, to dissolve a blood clot quickly.

Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are serious vein problems that require the immediate attention of a doctor. Varicose veins, spider veins, and other types of chronic vein disease may be treated in outpatient vein clinics.

If you have a vein problem, your vascular surgeon can determine if you have vein disease and suggest a vein treatment approach, such as endovenous laser treatment (EVLT), transdermal laser treatment, sclerotherapy, ambulatory phlebectomy, or vein surgery.